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  • Writer's pictureDevin Savage

Earthquakes - Ultimate Guide To Preparing For And Surviving An Earthquake

Updated: Jan 20

  • Stay informed! Keep abreast of the most current news and information about earthquakes, including local evacuation routes and emergency procedures. Remember to stay calm and act quickly. In the event of an earthquake, it's important to remain calm and follow the applicable safety procedures to cover yourself and your loved ones. Sign up for emergency alerts from local authorities, and download earthquake-related apps to your phone.

  • Learn about the different types of earthquakes. Earthquakes come in different ways, such as shallow earthquakes, deep earthquakes, and tsunamigenic earthquakes. Each type has different characteristics and can affect different areas else. Knowing the different types can help you to be more prepared.

  • Learn about the specific earthquake hazards in your area. Different areas have different pitfalls when it comes to earthquakes. It's important to know about the specific hazards in your area and how to prepare for them. Understand that earthquakes can have long-lasting impacts on communities and be prepared for possible outgrowths, such as job loss, power outages, or relegation.

  • Understand the pitfalls in your area. Get to know the pitfalls of earthquakes and their implicit impact in your area. Is your area more prone to seismic exertion? Are there nearby faults or bodies of water that could increase the tsunami threat? Make sure you know the specifics so you can prepare for any hazards. Look for implicit hazards in your neighborhood similar as overhanging power lines, large trees that could fall, and large structures that could be a threat during an earthquake. Make sure to report to the applicable authorities, if you notice any implicit hazards.

  • Learn about emergency response procedures. Knowing the emergency response procedures in your area can give you a better idea of how to respond in the event of an earthquake. Find out the emergency response procedures in your workplace and/or school and familiarize yourself with them. Get familiar with local emergency shelters. Learn about the emergency shelters in your area and their locations so you know where to go in case of evacuation.

  • Formulate an emergency plan with your family or roommates on how to communicate and where to meet up if you get separated. Identify safe places in your home, work, and community where you can take sanctum during an earthquake.

  • Exercise your evacuation plan. Make sure you and your loved ones know what to do in case of an earthquake. Review your evacuation plan regularly and exercise it so that everyone knows what to do and can respond rapidly in case of an emergency.

  • Share in earthquake drills. It's important to exercise what you would do in the event of an earthquake so that you'll be more prepared if one occurs. Numerous seminaries and workplaces conduct earthquake drills, so take part in them and encourage your family and friends to do the same.

  • Have an emergency communication plan in place to communicate with loved ones after an earthquake. Note: You would be wise to have a set of 2-way hand-held radios on hand! Make sure everyone knows how to get in touch with each other if separated. In the event of an earthquake, try to communicate with loved ones as soon as possible to let them know that you're safe. Keep your emergency contact list up-to-date and make sure that everyone knows how to reach each other in case of an emergency. Being prepared for an earthquake is crucial to protecting yourself and your loved ones.

  • Know emergency phone numbers such as Fire Department and the sanatorium, in case you need them. Remember, it's important to stay calm and act quickly in the event of an earthquake. Keep your emergency communication devices and phone numbers such as the police, fire department, and local emergency management office in a fluently accessible place. You may need to call them in case of an emergency. In addition, keep emergency contact information on your person. Consider keeping a card or note with emergency contact information in your wallet or purse at all times, in case you come separated from your phone or other means of communication during an earthquake. It's important to remember that earthquakes can be sudden and at any time. Have 2 backup phone chargers such as mobile USB power banks. Keep these on hand, in case the power goes out and you need to charge your phone for emergency use.

  • Keep a flashlight with fresh batteries (and/or a USB-style flashlight) at your bedside table. In case of an earthquake in the middle of the night, you will want to be able to see where you are going as you try to get to safety.

  • Get involved in Community Preparedness Initiatives. Volunteering with local emergency operation agencies or sharing in disaster response training programs. Being involved in the community can be an effective way to stay informed and help prepare yourself and others in case of an earthquake. Remember, being prepared is crucial to surviving an earthquake. Make a plan, learn the safety procedures, and keep emergency inventories on hand. Keep in mind that earthquakes can be at any time, so it's important to be prepared at all times.

  • Be familiar with your community's warning systems. Know the difference between an earthquake WATCH and an earthquake WARNING. An earthquake watch is issued when the eventuality of an earthquake exists in a certain area, while a warning is issued when an earthquake has begun and could affect a certain area. Know how you'll be advised, and be apprehensive of the recommended conduct to take, If a warning is issued.

  • Have an emergency grab-and-go bag at the ready. Keep your grab-and-go-bag packed with survival necessities such as a first-aid kit, basic survival tools, change of clothes, toiletries, important documents, and emergency cash ready in case you need to evacuate quickly. Lots of excellent go-bag kits and other survival necessities right here.

  • Have emergency cash on hand. In the event of an earthquake, ATM's and banks may not be accessible. It's important to have emergency cash on hand to cover the basics like food and gas.

  • Learn First-Aid and CPR. Knowing introductory First-Aid and CPR can help you to help yourself and others during and after an earthquake. Take a First-Aid class and consider getting certified in CPR. Lastly, always have a First-Aid Kit at home and/or business, and always have one in your vehicle.

  • Understand how to triage injuries. If you are trained in first-aid, you may be suitable to help those who are injured in an earthquake. Learn about triage, the process of prioritizing medical care for those who need it most, so you can help in caring for extremities. You should have a Triage Kit as part of your First-Aid Kit.

  • Learn introductory sign language in case you need to communicate with deaf or hearing-impaired individuals during an emergency. You can learn this very easily and quickly by having one of these simple books.

  • Seek professional help if needed. After an earthquake, if you or a loved one needs internal health support, seek professional help. Trauma from an earthquake can trigger anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

  • Be aware of your surroundings and know where the nearest exits and safe zones are in structures you frequent, such as seminaries, workplaces, or public structures.

  • Be prepared for power outages. I can't reiterate this enough! Earthquakes cause power outages, so it's important to have backup lighting and power sources such as flashlights, battery-operated and/or hand crank radios, and portable generators on hand.

  • Get to know your surroundings. Familiarize yourself with your surroundings, such as the position of emergency exits, stairwells, and safe zones in structures where you spend a lot of time. Practice 'Drop, Cover, and Hold On.’ One of the most important effects to remember during an earthquake is to 'Drop, Cover, and Hold On.' This means that when you feel shaking, drop to the ground and take cover under an office or table, and hold on to it until the shaking stops.

  • Learn how to turn off the gas, water, and electricity. Gas leaks can cause fires and explosions, so it's important to know how to turn off the gas in your home. Also, if water lines break, it's important to know how to turn off the water to your home. And, to help prevent electrical fires, know how to turn off the electricity in your home.

  • If you’re indoors, stay there and take cover under an office or table. Additionally, cover your head and neck with your arms and take cover in a corner of the room.

  • If you’re outside, stay in the open, away from buildings, power lines, and other structures that could collapse or fall.

  • If you’re driving, pull over to the side of the road and stop your vehicle immediately. Avoid interchanges, islands, and coverts, as these can be especially dangerous during an earthquake.

  • Stay away from windows, as they can shatter and beget injury.

  • Try to remain calm and stay as still as possible until the shaking stops.

  • After the shaking stops, do with caution, as there may be aftershocks.

  • Know the position of emergency exits in your office or house

  • Keep in mind that during an earthquake you shouldn't run to the doorways because they can collapse. Also, don't hide under heavy cabinets, as they may crush you. It's a good idea to be prepared for earthquakes by taking first-aid and earthquake safety classes and having emergency inventories on hand.

  • Secure particulars in your home. Particulars such as bookshelves, boxes, and indeed heavy cabinets can come dangerous during an earthquake. It's important to secure these items to the wall or bottom to help them from falling and causing injury.

  • Check your home for implicit hazards. Look for implicit hazards, such as heavy particulars that aren't securely fastened, cracked or broken foundations, or damage to the roof. You’ll need to have them repaired as soon as possible if you find any issues.

  • Strengthen your home. Retrofitting your home by bolting the foundation to the structure and adding strips to hold the roof to the walls. This can help to make your home more earthquake-resistant.

  • Prepare for aftershocks. Aftershocks can come after an earthquake and can be just as dangerous as the main event, so it's important to stay alert and continue to take safety measures indeed after the main quake event has stopped.

  • Have a disaster plan for your pets and/or farm animals. Your pets and/or farm animals can be affected by earthquakes just like people, and it's important to have a plan in place for how to care for them in the event of a disaster. Make sure that your pets and/or farm animals are microchipped and have identification markers on them, and consider keeping a supply of food, water, and any other needed specifics on hand.

  • Be apprehensive of implicit landslides. Landslides can come after an earthquake, especially in hilly or mountainous areas. Watch for falling trees, rolling boulders and other debris!

  • Consider buying earthquake insurance. While it may not cover every type of damage, earthquake insurance can help to cover some of the cost of repairs.

  • Be prepared for a tsunami. In coastal areas, an earthquake can spark a tsunami, which is a large ocean surge caused by an unforeseen movement of the earth. Learn how to fete a tsunami warning, and know the evacuation routes and designated tsunami safe zones in your area.

  • Check for hazards in your workplace. If you spend a significant amount of time at work, take a few minutes to familiarize yourself with the emergency procedures and evacuation routes in the event of an earthquake. Look for implicit hazards such as heavy objects or tall shelves that could fall over during shaking, and report them to management if necessary.

  • Secure your valuables. If you live in an area prone to earthquakes, it's a good idea to secure your valuables, such as important documents, heritages, or artwork. Consider using earthquake-resistant strongboxes or storehouse holders such as some of these, to cover them.

  • Be apprehensive of implicit structural damage. After an earthquake, check your home for structural damage. Look for cracks in the walls, bottoms, or foundation, as well as damage to the roof and chimney stack. Get a professional examination of your chimney stack. A damaged chimney stack can be dangerous, not only during an earthquake but also in everyday use. Consider getting a professional examination of your chimney stack to insure it's structurally sound and that there are no implicit hazards. Additionally, have a professional check your home as soon as possible, if you suspect that there may be structural damage.

  • Make sure you have a dependable fire extinguisher. An earthquake can beget fires, and having a fire extinguisher at the ready can help to put out a small fire before it spreads. Make sure your fire extinguisher is in working order and that everyone in your household knows how to use it.

  • After an earthquake, be apprehensive of implicit hazards such as broken glass, damaged structures, and fallen power lines. Avoid these hazards and do not attempt to enter a damaged structure unless it's necessary.

  • Check your home's foundation. Your home's foundation plays a critical part in its structural integrity. Make sure to check it for cracks or other signs of damage, and have any issues repaired immediately.

  • Exercise earthquake safety at school or work. If you spend a significant amount of time in a school or workplace, make sure you know the emergency procedures and evacuation routes in case of an earthquake.

  • Keep a whistle in your emergency kit. A whistle, like one of these here, can be used to gesture for help if you become trapped in debris after an earthquake

  • Be prepared to shelter in place. There may be times when it isn't safe to leave your home or other structure. Be prepared to shelter in place by having enough food, water, and other inventories to last for many days. Definitely consider getting actual survival food that lasts for up to ten years or more. You never know when you're going to need it! Plus, it may very well help someone else.

  • Keep your important documents in a safe place. Reminder! Keep important documents such as identification, insurance programs, and important contacts in a safe, fluently accessible place. You may need them in the event of an emergency. Remember, being prepared is crucial to surviving an earthquake. It's important to make a plan, be informed, and be ready to take action BEFORE an earthquake occurs. This will give you the optimum chance to survive and cover yourself and your loved ones.

  • Anchor tall furniture and appliances. Large, heavy particulars like bookcases, dressers, and appliances can be dangerous during an earthquake. Anchor them to the wall to keep them from falling and causing injury. You can find some excellent anchors for these purposes right here.

  • Be apprehensive of implicit secondary hazards. Reminder! Earthquakes can beget secondary hazards like fires, gas leaks, and dangerous chemical spills. Be knowledgeable of the implicit pitfalls and know how to respond.

  • Strengthen your roof. Your roof can be particularly vulnerable during an earthquake, so make sure that it's securely attached to the walls and thoroughly braced.

  • Check your smoke alarms and carbon monoxide detectors. Make sure that these are working efficiently, and that you have enough of them in your home. This is important in case of fire after an earthquake. If you need to replace/upgrade your smoke alarms and carbon monoxide detectors, you can do so right here.

  • Have a plan for your pets and/or farm animals. Make sure you have a plan in place for your pets and/or farm animals in case of an emergency, including a designated safe place for them to stay, and have emergency inventories like food and water.

  • Keep your important documents in a damage-proof container. Reminder! Keep important papers, such as identification documents, insurance programs, and emergency contacts, in a damage-proof container. This will protect them from damage in case of flooding or water damage.

  • Prepare for long-term utility outages. I cannot stress this enough! In the event of a severe earthquake, utility outages can last for several days. Make sure you have enough non-perishable food and water to last for at least a week and have a provisory power source such as a portable/mobile generator or portable/mobile solar power. It's important to remember that earthquakes can be suddenly and at any time.

  • Make sure you have proper insurance. Make sure your homeowner's or renter's insurance policy covers damage from earthquakes. Some policies may require additional earthquake insurance. Understand your policy, and if necessary, talk to your insurance agent about the best coverage options for you.

  • Prepare an emergency plan for the senior or impaired. If you have senior or impaired family members or friends, make sure they have an emergency plan in place. This may include arranging for someone to check on them in case of an emergency or making sure they have a way to communicate emergency services.

  • Consider installing seismic shut-off valves. These valves can automatically shut off the inflow of natural gas in your home in case of an earthquake. These can help prevent fires and gas leaks.

  • Make a plan for your business. If you own a business, consider creating an emergency plan in case of an earthquake. This should include procedures for evacuation, communication, and recovery.

  • Secure heavy equipment. If you work in a facility or job that involves heavy equipment, make sure that it's securely fastened and anchored to help damage or injury in case of an earthquake.

  • Review your evacuation routes. Regularly review the evacuation routes at your workplace and make sure that everyone knows how to get to safety in case of an emergency.

  • Keep emergency inventories such as food, water, and first-aid accouterments in your workplace in case of an emergency.

  • Formulate a Business Continuity Plan (BCP). A Business Continuity Plan (BCP) is a set of procedures and guidelines that help associations prepare for and respond to dislocations, such as an earthquake. This plan will help your business to minimize damage and return to normal.

  • Consider installing seismic underpinning. Aged homes and structures may not have been erected to withstand the force of an earthquake. Consider installing seismic underpinning, such as seismic retrofitting, to ameliorate the structure's capability to withstand an earthquake.

  • Learn how to properly shut off your appliances, such as your cook stove or roaster, in case of an emergency. This can help prevent fires caused by broken gas lines or electrical lines.

In conclusion, earthquakes can be without warning and it's important to be prepared at all times. It's important to keep in mind that being prepared is crucial to survival.

Thank you for reading. Stay knowledgeable, prepared and safe!

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